ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™

ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ื™ืงืจื™ื! ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™? ืจื™ื›ื–ื ื• ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช

ืจืืฉื™ืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื ืชื—ื™ืœ ืื ื—ื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื› ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ ืœืžื” ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื•ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ื ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื›ื ืื™ืš ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื›ื ื’ื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื•ื’ื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ืื™ื–ื” ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืžืชืื™ื ืœื›ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื›ืœืœ ื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืื– ื‘ื•ืื• ื ืชื—ื™ืœ.

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ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ ืœืžื” ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื”?ย 


ืจืืฉื™ืช ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื” ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืžืฉื”ื• ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ื“ืข ืœืื—ืจ ื›ืžื” ื“ืง ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืจืช ืงืจื— ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ื“ืข ืœืงืจื‘ ืœื”ืฆื—ื™ืง ื•ืœื—ื‘ืจ ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืงื”ืœื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ืžื” ืฉื”ื›ื™ ื™ืคื” ื”ื•ื ืžืชืื™ื ืœื›ื•ืœื ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื” ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ื• ื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื”.

ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื–ื” ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืืจืฅ ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ืœื•ืขื–ื™ืช ืื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชื—ื‘ืจ ืœื• ื›ืœ ืื– ืœืžื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืžืชื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืœื›ืœ ืขื™ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™.

ื‘ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ื›ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืคื™ืจื’ื•ื ื™ื ืขื–ื‘ื• ืืช ื–ื” ืฉืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ื–ื” ื—ื‘ืจืช ืžื”ืจืงืžื” ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืื‘ืœ ื’ื ื›ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืฉืจื™ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ื™ื ื• ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืžื—ืžืื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื–ื” ืขืœ ื”ืฉื™ืจื” ืื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื–ื” ืขืœ ื”ื–ื™ื•ืคื™ื ืื ืฉื™ื ืฆื•ื—ืงื™ื ืžืื™ืชื ื• ื•ืฆื•ื—ืงื™ื ืื™ืชื ื• ื•ืœืžืขืฉื” ืื ื—ื ื• ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื”ืžื•ืŸ ืื ืฉื™ื ืœืฆื—ื•ืง ืื™ืชื ื• ื•ื–ื” ื’ื•ืจื ืœื ื• ืœื”ืจื’ืฉื” ืขื™ืœืื™ืช ื›ืื™ืœื• ืื ื—ื ื• ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ืื™ืคื” ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืื™ืชื ื• ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช.

ื–ื” ื›ื›ื” ื‘ื˜ืขื™ืžื” ืงื˜ื ื” ืœืžื”ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื›ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื–ื” ืœืื™ืจื•ืข ืžืฉืคื—ืช, ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืœืื™ืจื•ืข ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ , ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืœืขืจื‘ ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืื• ืœื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ืจ.ย 

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ืžื”ย ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื›ืœื•ืœ ืขืจื›ืช ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืžืžื•ืฆืขืช ื•ืœืžื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘?

ืื– ื›ื›ื” ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื›ืœื•ืœ ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ืžื™ื“ ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื ื›ืชื•ื‘ ืœื›ื ืืช ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื ืจื—ื™ื‘ ื˜ื™ืค ื˜ื™ืคื” ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืžื•ืฆืจ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืชืช ืœื›ื ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืžืกื•ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื” ืฉืืชื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื.

ืื– ื›ื›ื” ืขืจื›ืช ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืจืžืงื•ืœ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจ ืžืžื ื• ืžืฉืžื™ืขื™ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ืืช ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื•ื’ื ืืช ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืฉืฉืจื™ื ืžื”ื ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืžื—ืฉื‘ ืื• ื›ื•ื ืŸ ืขื ืžืื’ืจื™ ืฉื™ืจื™ ื”ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืฉืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืžืคืœื™ื™ื‘ืง ื•ื’ื ืžืกืจื˜ ื‘ื• ืจื•ืื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื ืจืฆื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืš ื•ื’ื ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืžืกืš ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื˜ืœื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ืื• ืžืงืจืŸ ื•ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืžื™ืงืกืจ ืกื˜ื ื“ืจืชื™ ื”ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืžืจื›ื– ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ืื‘ืœ ืืœ ื“ืื’ื”, ื–ื” ืœื ืžืคื—ื™ื“ ื›ืžื• ืฉื–ื” ื ืฉืžืข ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื ืคืจื˜ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื•ื“ื‘ืจ:

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ืžื—ืฉื‘ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™

ืื—ื“ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ื”ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ื ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ืœื• ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืื’ืจ ืฉื™ืจื™ ื”ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืงืฉื” ืžืื•ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืžืื’ืจ ืฉื™ืจื™ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ.

ืžื›ืžื” ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช, ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ื ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ื›ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืฉืœืžื™ื ื›ืœ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื• ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ืœื›ื ืืช ืžืื’ืจ ื”ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืขื“ื›ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื›ืš ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืขื“ื›ื ื™ื ืืช ืžืื’ืจื™ ื”ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืื—ืช ืœื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื™ื ื•ื›ืš ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื•ื—ื“ืฉื ื•ืช ื•ืžื” ื’ื ืฉื”ื›ืœ ื—ื•ืงื™ ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืฉืœืžื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื•ืืงื•ื ื•ื›ื›ื” ืืชื ืคื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื•ื ืืœื™ื›ื ื‘ื˜ืขื ื•ืช ื•ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืชืฉืœื•ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืฉื–ื” ืžืื• ื“ืžืื•ื“ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืื– ืชืฉื™ืžื•. ืœื–ื”ย 

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ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœืงืจื™ื•ืงื™

ื‘ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื ื™ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ืŸ ื—ื•ื˜ื™ ื•ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืืœื—ื•ื˜ื™ื™ื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืกืื•ื ื“ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ืกืื•ื ื“ ืฆืœื•ืœ ื•ื ืงื™ ืžืื•ื“ ืื‘ืœ ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™ื” ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ืืช ื”ื›ื‘ืœ ืฉื”ื•ืœืš ื™ื—ื“ ืื™ืชื ื• ืœื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ื•ื–ื” ื—ื™ืกืจื•ืŸ ื”ืื•ืžื ื ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืืœื—ื•ื˜ื™ื ืฉื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืงืœื™ื˜ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืื™ื–ื•ืจ ื” 30 ืžื˜ืจ ืคืœื•ืก ืžื™ื ื•ืก.

ื›ื›ื” ืฉื–ื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ืœืื™ืจื•ืข ืงื˜ืŸ ื•ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื›ืื—ื“ ื•ืื™ื›ื•ืชื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืžืื•ื“ ืขืœ ืืฃ ืฉื”ื ืืœื—ื•ื˜ื™ื™ื ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ืช ืžื—ื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ื›ืืœื” ืฉืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืกื•ืœืœื•ืช ืืฆื‘ืข ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš.

ืื ื—ื ื• ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื‘ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืกื•ืœืœื•ืช ืืฆื‘ืข ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื›ื ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืข

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ืจืžืงื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื‘ืจื”

ืื—ื“ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืฉื ื”ืจืžืงื•ืœื™ื ื”ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ื–ื• ืžืฉื ื™ ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืื ื—ื ื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืื™ื–ื” ืจืžืงื•ืœ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจ ืžืชืื™ื ืœื ื• ืœืื™ืจื•ืข ื‘ืžื—ื™ื ืช ื”ืขื•ืฆืžื” ืฉืœื•.

ืื‘ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื–ื” ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืกืื•ื ื“ ืฉืœื•, ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืžืจื ื• ื‘ื”ืชื—ืœื” ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืฉื›ื™ืจ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื• ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื–ืžืจ ืœื™ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื•ืคื” ื ื›ื ืกืช ืขื™ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืกืื•ื ื“ ืขื ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื”.

ืจืžืงื•ืœ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจ ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ ืœื“ื™ืจื” ื‘ืขื•ืฆืžืช 360W ื•ืœืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืจืžืงื•ืœ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจ ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ ื”ื•ื 500W ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืจืžืงื•ืœื™ื ืžืžื•ืชื’ื™ื ืžื‘ื™ืช PROXIMA ืื• PROTECH ื›ืื™ืœื• ื‘ืขืœื™ ืฉื ืžื•ื›ืจ.

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ืžื™ืงืกืจ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™

ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉื—ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืื™ืจื•ืข ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื” ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืฉื ื”ืžื™ืงืกืจ.

ืžื™ืงืกืจ ื‘ืขื‘ืจื™ืช ื”ื•ื ืžืขืจื‘ืœ ืงื•ืœ ืฉืืžื•ืจ ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื•ื ื™ื ืžื—ืฉื‘ ื•ืœื”ื›ื ื™ืก ืื•ืชื ืœืขืžื“ืช ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ืื—ืช ื•ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ื”ืกืื•ื ื“ ืœืžืงื•ื ืื—ื“ ืœืจืžืงื•ืœ ืื—ื“.

ืขื•ื“ ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืฉืงื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ืงืกืจ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืฉื ื”ืืคืงื˜ื™ื ืžื” ืฉืžืชื—ื‘ืจ ืœื ื• ืœืžื” ืฉื“ื™ื‘ืจื ื• ืงื•ื“ื ืœืขื™ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื™ืจื” ืฉืื ืฉื™ื ืื›ืŸ ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื–ืžืจื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื‘ืžื™ืงืกืจ ืฉืœื ื• ื™ืฉื ื ืืคืงื˜ื™ื ืฉืœ ECHO ื• RIER ืืคืงื˜ื™ื ืฉืžื–ืžืจื™ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื”ื ื‘ื›ืžื” ืžื™ืœื™ื.

ืืคืงื˜ ECHO โ€“ ื”ื•ื ืืคืฉืงื˜ ื”ื”ื“ ื”ืžื•ื›ืจ ื“ืžื™ื™ื ื• ืฉืืชื ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืจ ื•ืฆื•ืขืงื™ื ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืื•ืคืง ืื”ื” ืžื™ื“ ืชืฉืžืขื• ืคื™ื“ื‘ืง ืฉืœ ื”ืงื•ืœ ืฉืœื›ื ืฉื—ื•ื–ืจ ืื—ืจื™ื›ื ื•ืžื—ื–ื™ืจ ืœื›ื ืื”ื”, ืื”ื”, ืื”ื”.ย 

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ืืคืงื˜ ื” RIVER

ื”ื•ื ืืคืงื˜ ื”ืืžื‘ื˜ื™ื” ืืคืฉืจ ืœืงืจื•ื ืœื ืืชื ืžื›ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื—ื“ืจื™ ื”ืืžื‘ื˜ื™ื” ืฉืืชื ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ืืช ื”ืงื•ืœ ืฉืœื›ื ื—ื•ื–ืจ ืืœื™ื›ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืืžื•ืžื” ? ืื– ื–ื”ื•ื ืืคืงืงื˜ ื”ืจื™ื‘ืจ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ืงืกืจ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฉื ื™ื”ื ื•ื’ื ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ื›ืžื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื ืฉืœ ืืคืงื˜ื™ืย ย 

ื‘ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืื ื—ื ื• ืขื•ืกืงื™ื ืขื ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืื– ืฉื ืช 2011 ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืž ื”ืฆืจื™ืš ื•ืื™ืš ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื›ืŸ ืืœ ืชื”ืกืกื• ืœืคื ื•ืช ืืœื™ื™ื ื• ืขื ืฉืืœื•ืช ื•ื‘ืงืฉื•ืช ืื ื—ื ื• ื ื“ืข ืœื”ื›ื•ื•ื™ืŸ ืืชื›ื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืขื ืžื” ืฉืžืชืื™ื ืœืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ืฉืœื›ื.

ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืงืจื™ื•ืงื™
ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ืฆืขื” ืžืฉืชืœืžืช ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ื”ื–ื•ืœ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ?
ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื•ื ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืืœื™ื›ื

ื‘ื™ืŸ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืชื™ื ื•

ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ืฆืขื” ืžืฉืชืœืžืช ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ื”ื–ื•ืœ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ?
ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื•ื ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืืœื™ื›ื